(Versión en español AQUÍ)

(Français ICI)

This article is not to talk about evil, or the spawn of fraud, nor to make apology about it. It is an article that tries to honor the inherent light, return the stolen beauty, but above all to restore concepts, meanings and eliminate distortions.

Darkness and evil are not the same thing. The darkness is a quality of color. The lack of light, anyone could correct obviously rightly awarded by the science, because it is. But I must say that if science speaks, he does about physical light, merely, and precisely, on the absence of light, there are many organisms that thrive, organisms all necessary and essential for the absolute balance of life on the planet we inhabit. This being so, so good is the dark as light. No more no less.

Those who do not interpret, in this way, this article can considere themselves full of that evil which, ignorant or hypocritical, point with their fingers, and may well feel, stained from the evil of which they accuse and must find a way to purge, but not with any purifying fire, because fire is just a eliminator of life but abandoning themselves to an absolute immersion in nature and reality.

To demonize:

According to the Royal Spanish Academy ©:
Attributed to someone or something, qualities or intentions, in extreme perverse or diabolical.

According to Wikipedia:
The demonization and satanization are the ideological rhetoric and disinformation technique or alteration of facts and descriptions (next in reverse sanctification, or victimhood) of submitting to political entities, ethnic, cultural or religious, etc, as fundamentally bad and harmful as a way to vindicate positively about those entities or justify differing political, military or social skills, or for attributing wrong what is against what is believed or supported.

In short, to discredit, an unbounded way, that which does not interest primarily, in this case, to control the population, either getting rid of an element of competition, either get rid of attributes that defy the factual powers such as knowledge, self-sufficiency, criticism, etc.

There are many beings and events demonized by vice, or trauma – I’m not sure how I describe it – dominator of man, and his lack of wisdom added that the list could be endless and it’s hard to know where to start. But first element that completes the concept of “demonizing” as its best, which coincidentally inspired this text:



It is clear from the archaeological evidence that Pan was the favorite god of the Greek people. “It is a fact that more dedications to him than to any other …” (Pitt-Kethley xi). Perhaps this is what led Christian theologians to demonize Pan; they felt a strong competitor for the hearts of the people. This demonization was not an accident but a deliberate twisting of the pagan ideals while Christianity spread its influence throughout Europe. After the Council of Nicaea issued the Nicene Creed and the Roman Catholic Church was founded in the year 325 CE, Christian theologians (starting with Eusebius) transformed a benign denaturaleza Pan god Satan, the great adversary.

Pan was a shepherd, half goat and half man, came from nature. It was lustful; played the flute, was, therefore, musical; he was a god of nature. It was the greatest of all divine and satyrs. Both her lascivious looks and mocking with goat horns and goat legs, as his cheerful, carefree ranger and attest their kinship with goats. He never lived on Olympus, but who cared attending their flocks and beehives in Arcadia. He was a party animal, lover of the simple, quiet and lazy life: sleep long naps and his anger was aroused when unreasonably fearful. Then, when he was angry, he threw terrible roars who dared bother bringing in irrational reactions flight and stampedes among animals. Generating mortally afraid of his anger comes from the word ‘panic’.

Plutarch (46-120 AD) tells us that during the reign of Emperor Tiberius a ship passed the island of Paxos and its crew could hear some voices from the shore crying: “if you go to Epirus, say there that: the great Pan is dead.” When the sailors broadcast the news, everywhere they were heard screams of animals, plants and rocks. It was understood then that the disappearance of the worship of the ancient and simple gods of nature, a new era (that of Christianity, which the oracles be silenced, and topple the idols) began.


Of all the ecological distortions, none exceeds that which comes from the belief in the fall of nature. For this doctrine it is believed that the entire universe came under the power of the devil, because of original sin introduced by humans. The universe lost its sacred character; ceases to be a temple of the Spirit to be the den of demons. It is corrupt, sinful, decadent materia.

The biblical text is explicit: “cursed be the earth because of you” (Genesis 3, 17). The idea that the earth with everything in it exists and moves, be punished because of human sin, refers to an excessive anthropocentrism. Earthquakes, species extinction and death existed before humans had not even appeared on the face of the Earth.

This demonization of nature, because of the fall, led the humans to have little appreciation for this world, made it difficult for centuries that religious people would be interested in a project of the world, scientific research delayed, and made bitter the lives of everybody, because he placed under heavy suspicion all pleasure, all realization, and all fullness, coming from the treatment and enjoyment of nature. In this interpretation, the original sin is the winner of the original grace.

If we add the anthropocentrism as a result of an exaggerated and arrogant human interpretation (by the Judeo-Christian tradition). The biblical text is categorical in saying: “Be fertile and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; rule over the fish of the sea, the birds … “(Gn 1: 28)

From these texts it is clear invitation to unlimited demographics and dominium terrae (land ownership) unrestricted. This same emphasis on the domain and the peopling of the Earth appears clearly in the story of the flood. The tenor of these texts antiecological was understood and assimilated by modern from the seventeenth century as atrocious divine legitimization of world conquest and subjugation of all beings of creation to the draft arbitrary subjectivity of human mentality.

Even Darwin himself had a strange relationship, with exuberant nature, of love and hate, admiration and nausea resulting from his inability to dissect it in orderly and static pieces, as it is very well exposed in the article “The animals that stared to Darwin”


Carlos Barros. Paper presented at the Mensch und Natur im mittelalterlichen Europe conference, organized by the Academy Friesach (University of Klagenfurt, Austria) on 1-5 September 1997.


When the Catholic Church came to power, his priority was to demonize that which were symbols of other gods (besides annihilating all values, meanings and concepts of wisdom attributed to these animals as symbols), such as:

  • owls (symbol of Athena, which in turn represents wisdom)
  • Cats (symbol of Bastet and animals basically independent and self-sufficient, that is, non-submissive) (to which accused them of being agents of the devil who helped witches). So they encouraged the ignorant masses of peasants impaled alive the owls, and on the night of San Juan (…) lead to cats (…) to the top of a pole (…) that is accumulated firewood green and was set on fire. As the flames climbed, were reaching cats who had to choose between dying to jump into the void carbonized or asphyxiated by smoke from the flames.
  • Other animals demonized were the lynxes because they were symbol of a Greek hero of extraordinary view
    lynx lincus
  • wolves, which were always hated by farmers for killing domestic animals
  • diurnal raptors because while the nobles bred for falconry, were admired by the Romans
  • foxes, for attacking chickens
  • and almost all necrophages animals, also accused of being agents of the devil

In result of this was favored the expansion of black rats from tropical Asia, which, having remained these predators, would not come so easily to Europe as having declared predators, which ones would have exterminate those rats without hesitation (…) which led to the bubonic plague, which caused so many deaths that was called black Death that ravaged Europe in the fourteenth century. The mere existence of the disease reveals the damage it can do ignorance.

And last, but not without leaving behind many other subjects marked with the stigmata of rejection and cursed by superstition and ignorance, give way to forests.



For forests, the Middle Ages was the boundary between its omnipresence and its gradual disappearance throughout Europe, a confused border where simultaneously signified: food and death, shelter and threat.

The medieval forests were the complement of cultivated field. While border, large forest massifs served as boundaries between dioceses, principalities and kingdoms. But his threat to powerful groups was that they were the place where one escaped from “civilization” where the peasant escaped the control of the Lord, where bandits, fugitives or criminals hide from the law. Couples of lovers, typical of courtly love, also found refuge there. Hermit sought wisdom there. And for knights were spaces for “evidence of value.”

Europe was then a expanded vegetation cover, interrupted only occasionally by “islands” deforested, in which rose: villas, abbeys, villages and fortresses, fighting against isolation and the elements of nature which did not dominate completely.

Its boundaries mark the end of one world and the beginning of another, in which intellectual hesitation and senses, gave him, the man, a subordinate place; a role in which the old biblical premise of being “King of Creation” faded, retro-bringing a holistic situation in which man is noticed as a part of the environment and discovered their inferior status to a Creation that dominated him, and made him the weakest of his subjects.

Demarcated forest, site, civilized spaces, and recreated conflicts; transforming the subjective fears of the communities in concrete actions offensive cruelty against those living, working or just enjoying the dense and lonely tree clustering.

But despite the desecration that forests have suffered in Western culture, still they used to describe adjectives that maintain that animistic worldview of yesteryear and that still exists in many isolated communities. The forest is still “huge”, “empty”, “difficult to penetrate,” “bleak” and “secret”, “mystery” and “magical”. A place “where the man abandons all his worldly enterprises.”






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