(Versión española AQUI)
Russia’s forests are the largest in the world.
Extending from the Baltic to the Sea of Japan, they encompass the last wild forests in Europe, make up the vast wilderness of Siberia, and provide habitat for the highly endangered Siberian tiger from extinction.
In recent decades, road construction, logging and forest fires have degraded more and more these ancient forests and previously largely intact. To protect some particularly valuable forests, the Russian government used data provided by Global Forest Watch Russia, a partnership between WRI and several groups of Russian forest conservation.
The global importance of Russian forests is defined by the magnitude, its inherent resources and the environmental performance of the same. Despite the serious deficiencies of forest management that have occurred in the Federation Russia2 in recent decades, which have resulted in deterioration of forests in several of the most populous regions of the country and insufficient use and forest protection, this unique natural resource demonstrates amazing vitality and natural resilience. Russian forests continue to serve as strong stabilizer of the global environment and as a potential source of various forest products, including softwood lumber. However, the socio-economic situation in the country, an increasing anthropogenic pressure and the dramatic projected climate change in northern Eurasia, are pressing for the adoption of sustainable forest management that takes into account the many endless uses of forests and the need to adopt forward-looking strategies for forest management in order to mitigate the consequences of global climate change.
Excerpt from article by Anatoly Shvidenko .
In the northwestern part of Ishimbaysky District of Bashkortostan (Russia). It covers an area of 15 square kilometers and is located approximately 18 km and 21 km from Sterlitamak Ishimbay.
The main tree species are oak forest Akhmerovsky and lime.
In Krasnoyarsk Krai, southern part Taymyr peninsula, south bank of the river Novaya Ary -over language Dolgan -. Island woods.
Considered the most northern forest of the world.
In the northwestern part of Ishimbaysky District of Bashkortostan (Russia). It covers an area of 14 square kilometers and is located approximately 20 km and 20 km from Sterlitamak Ishimbay.
The main tree species are oak forest Barsky and lime.
One of the largest natural parks (forests) in Moscow, Russia. The park is crossed by the river Bitsa, it extends for 10 km from north to south and covers an area of 18 square kilometers.
The park is home to over 500 species of plants, including lindens, oaks and fine fir trees, 33 species of mammals and 78 species of birds.
In the city of Perm, Russia, Industrialny and Dzerzhinsky district of the city. The total forest area in 2003 was 689.9 ha. The forest is under the direction of Municipal Establishment “Perm City Forestry”.
Pine forest on the Curonian Spit in the Kaliningrad region, Russia stands out for its unusually twisted trees. Unlike the drunken forests, trees on the forest floor are twisted in various patterns.
The exact cause of the distortion of the trees is unknown. According to one version, the distortion is caused by the activity of the caterpillar Rhyacionia buoliana.
Genko Forest Belt
Historic forest belt system in Ulyanovsk Oblast. Planted more than a century, it is now considered a “natural monument” and is legally protected as a protected area of Ulyanovsk Oblast.
Karakan Pine Forest
The Karakan Pine Forest is a Russian national forest located in Siberia, on the east coast of Novosibirsk Reservoir, 70 kilometers south of downtown Novosibirsk.
Forest near the Russian city of Moscow covering about 1,000 hectares It is part of the so-called “green belt” around Moscow A road than 8000 million high-speed Moscow -.. St. Petersburg motorway (M11) it has been proposed to go through the forest to connect Moscow and St. Petersburg. To this end, part of the forest would have been cut. The construction sparked large protests that turned violent in July 2010. On August 26, President Dmitry Medvedev, He ordered the construction of his arrest.
Forest near St. Petersburg, Russia, where they were massacred and buried in the first half of the twentieth century as part of the Red Terror thousands of Soviet citizens. In total, it is believed that around 4,500 people to be buried there.
Krasny Bor Forest
Forest in the area of Petrozavodsk, Karelia.
In 1997 a place of executions NKVD was discovered in the forest. The burial area was around 350 per 150 meters. According to data declassified file, the 9 August at September 15, 1937 and from September 26 to October 2, 1938 , 1196 people were executed: 580 Finns, 432 Karelians, 136 Russians and 48 people of other nationalities in that location.
Forest in Russia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, southern shore Lukunsk River, south of the river Khatanga.
It is the northernmost extension of forest in the world. -more west of Grove Lukunsky Ary is the northernmost island in the isolated forest, although located about 6 kilometers further south.
The Mountain pine forest
Natural monument of Russia (Protected areas of Ulyanovsk Oblast).
Also known as Forest or Rominta Krasny Les, an ecoregion paleártica (called Puszcza Romincka) in the taiga and boreal forest biome it is in Russia and Poland.
Germans and Poles forest names are derived from the Old Prussian rom syllable, ie, calm or holy, as the forest was related to the mythology of the old Prussian. The Russian name, Krasny Les, meaning “red forest”.
Tolyatti Pine Forest
Large forest in the center of the Russian city of Togliatti. It is in the middle, and separates the three districts of the city (Auto Factory, Central and Komsomol) of each other. It covers about a quarter of the surface of Tolyatti . An old natural forest.
The forest is a protected monument of regional significance by a statement from the provincial government of Samara Oblast. Lesnoye Sanatorium, in the middle of the forest (hence its name, which means “Sanatorium in the forest”) is also a protected monument regional importance.
Virgin Komi Forests
Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in Ural mountains North of the Republic of Komi, Russia. At 32,800 square kilometers, it is the largest virgin forest in Europe.
The Virgin Komi Forests belong to the Ural taiga forests ecoregion. Dominant tree species include Siberian Spruce, Siberian fir and Siberian larch, while the most prominent mammals are the reindeer, the sable, mink and the hare.
Zelyony Gorod (Green City) is an urban town in a wooded area southeast of Nizhny Novgorod and surrounded by the territory of Kstovsky District.
The wooded area around the settlement is a survivor of a much larger forest area that existed here for centuries.